Holiday Health

Sun Safety

Whether you are travelling abroad or staying in the UK, it is important to:

  • Avoid the sun between 11am and 3pm when it is at its strongest.
  • Keep covered - wear a wide brimmed hat and long clothing.
  • Wear sunglasses.
  • Use plenty of sunscreen - factor 15 or over. Re-apply every two hours and after swimming.

Deep Vein Thrombosis

It is thought that sitting still for a long time, such as a long haul flight, can lead to blood clotting in the veins.

To avoid this:

  • Drink plenty of non-alcoholic drinks.
  • Exercise - wriggle the toes and walk up and down the aisle of the aircraft.
  • Wear flight socks. 
  • Ask you GP whether taking an aspirin would be appropriate.


This is by far the most common problem to affect travelers and is often caused by contaminated food and drink.

To avoid travelers diarrhoea:

  • Drink bottled water and use it to clean your teeth. Don’t have ice in drinks, unless you know it is safe.
  • Only have fruit you can peel or you can wash in safe water.
  • Avoid raw vegetables and salads.
  • Avoid eating re-heated food or food that has been left at room temperature for some time.
  • Shellfish can pose a particular risk. If in doubt do not eat it.
  • Avoid eating raw or undercooked meat and fish.
  • Always wash your hands after going to the lavatory and before eating.


If you are traveling to an area where malaria is a risk, prevention is vital. Speak to your GP or pharmacist at least one month before you travel as some anti-malarial tablets are only available on prescription.

To reduce the chance of being bitten by a mosquito or other disease-carrying insect:

  • Apply insect repellent to all exposed areas of skin.
  • Wear long sleeves and trousers, especially in the evening.
  • In your room, use a mosquito coil, spray or plug-in insecticide vaporiser.
  • Mosquito nets can also provide good protection.

Sexual Health

To avoid the risk of contracting sexually-transmitted diseases, always use a condom.

  • Purchase condoms in the UK before you travel, as poorer quality brands may only be available overseas.


Immunisations protect you from diseases. You may already be protected from diseases such as tetanus, but other immunisations, such as typhoid, would generally be given especially for travel. Although few immunisations are legally required before you travel, many are recommended for holiday destinations. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for further information.

  • Try to allow at least two months for immunisations before you travel.

Remember to use your common sense when taking part in outdoor or sporting activities. Alcohol should not be drunk before swimming or taking part in water sports or any other activity during which you could be hurt.

Holiday Checklist

It is better to buy items you may need in the UK as you will be familiar with the brands. It would also be easier than trying to explain your symptoms to a non - English speaking pharmacist.

  • Personal medication (take in hand luggage)
  • Paracetamol or other pain killers
  • First Aid Kit 
  • Plasters 
  • Medicines to treat diarrhoea (ask your pharmacist for advice)
  • Insect repellent  
  • Tablets or cream for insect bites
  • Sun block and after sun preparation
  • Sunhat and sunglasses
  • Travel sickness medication
  • Flight Socks   
  • Bottled water for journey/flight
  • Condoms

If Necessary

  • Anti-malarial medication
  • Mosquito nets and sprays
  • Water purifying tablets
  • Needle/syringe kits


  • Travel insurance
  • EHIC - European Health Insurance Card
  • Passport
  • Visas

Have a safe holiday!